Nz dermnet - Pityriasis rosea is a self-limiting rash, which resolves in about 6–10 weeks. It is characterised by a large circular or oval "herald patch ", usually found on the chest, abdomen, or back. The herald patch is followed some time later, typically two weeks or so, by the development of smaller scaly oval red patches, resembling a Christmas tree ...

 
Nz dermnetNz dermnet - Notalgia paraesthetica is a form of cutaneous dysaesthesia where itch and/or changed sensation arise in the areas of skin on the medial aspect of the shoulder blade on either side of the back. Notalgia means pain in the back, and paraesthetica refers to burning pain, tingling or itch. It is also called thoracic cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome.

Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is also known as Osler-Rendu-Weber syndrome. It is a rare inherited disorder that affects blood vessels throughout the body and is characterised by a tendency for bleeding ( haemorrhage, American spelling ‘hemorrhage’), in particular recurrent epistaxis (nosebleeds); and skin telangiectasia …The epidermis is the uppermost or epithelial layer of the skin. It acts as a physical barrier, preventing loss of water from the body, and preventing entry of substances and organisms into the body. Its thickness varies according to the body site. The epidermis consists of stratified squamous epithelium. That means it consists of layers of ...Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition affecting hair follicles causing hair loss. It typically presents with discrete bald patches on the scalp but can cause hair loss from all hair-bearing areas on the body. Alopecia is a Latin term meaning hair loss, and areata refers to the patchy nature of the hair loss.A target lesion is a round skin lesion with three concentric colour zones: A bright red outermost ring. Target lesions typically occur in erythema multiforme. They can arise on any body site, including face, upper chest, back, arms, legs, hands, feet and mucous membranes (such as the lips). A target lesion is also called a bulls-eye lesion or a ...This refers to a depression in the skin due to the elastic tissue within the dermis that is lost. Less commonly, acne scarring can result in a keloid or hypertrophic scar. A hypertrophic scar is the same size as the acne lesion that caused it, while a keloid scar is an excessive scar formation often larger than the causative lesion.Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is also known as Osler-Rendu-Weber syndrome. It is a rare inherited disorder that affects blood vessels throughout the body and is characterised by a tendency for bleeding ( haemorrhage, American spelling ‘hemorrhage’), in particular recurrent epistaxis (nosebleeds); and skin telangiectasia … Dermatoporosis is a term used to describe chronic cutaneous insufficiency and fragility associated with both intrinsic and extrinsic ageing. The features of dermatoporosis include: Skin fragility and atrophy. Senile purpura. Stellate pseudoscars (star-shaped white patches) Non-healing atrophic ulcers. Polymorphic light eruption (PMLE) is a seasonal, acquired, idiopathic photodermatosis occurring in spring and early summer. It is also known as polymorphous light eruption, sun allergy, sun poisoning, prurigo aestivalis, summer eruption/prurigo, or eczema solare. Juvenile spring eruption is a variant of PMLE.DermNet NZ is a comprehensive online resource for skin diseases and conditions. Learn about acne, a common chronic disorder affecting the hair follicle and sebaceous gland, its causes, features, treatment options, and …The cystic hygroma (also called ‘cystic lymphangioma’ and ‘lymphangioma cysticum’) is a ‘ macrocytic ’ lymphatic malformation, and is composed of large fluid-filled spaces. It appears as a skin coloured, …Anogenital warts are an infection caused by specific human papillomavirus types, most commonly HPV types 6 and 11. Warts will usually appear three to six months after infection but they may appear months or even years later. Anogenital warts are usually a sexually transmitted infection (STI).Authoritative facts about the skin from DermNet New Zealand. DermNet provides Google Translate, a free machine translation service. Note that this may not provide an exact translation in all languages. Topics A-Z. Images. Cases. Jobs. AI dataset. More . Skin checker; About; Browse ... The Australian and New Zealand Melanoma …Darier disease is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder classified as a hereditary acantholytic dermatosis. Darier disease typically presents with scaly crusted papules in a seborrhoeic distribution and in skin folds. Also …Adults. Assess risk factors and comorbid disease of psoriasis at presentation and as indicated thereafter. Cardiovascular risk factors, and management of these (eg, smoking cessation ) Measure blood pressure, lipid studies and fasting glucose at least annually. Risk of venous thromboembolism and its management [1].A medium congenital melanocytic naevi is 1.5–19.9 cm. A large or giant congenital melanocytic naevus is ≥ 20 cm in diameter. A modification of the above criteria is used in some centres [2] in an effort to increase the accuracy of classification. Small congenital melanocytic naevi are < 1.5 cm in diameter.Keratoacanthoma (KA) is a common, rapidly growing, locally destructive skin tumour . KAs may regress spontaneously with scarring, but clinically they may be indistinguishable from well- differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and the clinical course may be unpredictable. Thus, many clinicians and pathologists prefer the term SCC, KA-type ...The epidermis is the uppermost or epithelial layer of the skin. It acts as a physical barrier, preventing loss of water from the body, and preventing entry of substances and organisms into the body. Its thickness varies according to the body site. The epidermis consists of stratified squamous epithelium. That means it consists of layers of ...Metastatic calcinosis cutis occurs in the setting of abnormal calcium and phosphate metabolism and is often associated with hypercalcaemia and/or hyperphosphataemia. Conditions that can cause metastatic calcinosis cutis may include: Primary or secondary hyperparathyroidism. Paraneoplastic hypercalcaemia. Destructive bone disease, such … A list of the most commonly used key terms and phrases in dermatology. DermDiag. The DermDiag Tool is designed to help you understand your skin condition. This tool does not provide medical advice. To get started, select the part of the body where you are experiencing symptoms. We suggest that you search our Glossary if you are unfamiliar with any dermatological terms. DermNet NZ is a comprehensive online resource for skin health information. Learn about psoriasis, a chronic inflammatory skin condition with red and scaly plaques, its types, causes, diagnosis and treatment options.Malignant melanoma may arise from melanocytes found on the skin or rarely from mucosal surfaces, under the nails and in the meninges. Melanoma may arise from common acquired naevi or from dysplastic naevi. They may also arise from the solar lentigo or atypical lentigo. Most arise de novo. The dermoscopic features are enormously variable.Authoritative facts about the skin from DermNet New Zealand. DermNet provides Google Translate, a free machine translation service. Note that this may not provide an exact translation in all languages. Topics A-Z. Images. Cases. Jobs. AI dataset. More . Skin checker; About; Browse ... The Australian and New Zealand Melanoma …Tofacitinib (Xeljanz, Xeljanz XR ®, US) is an oral small- molecule inhibitor of Janus kinase (JAK) 1 and 3 that is used to treat psoriatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthriti s, inflammatory bowel disease, and ankylosing spondylitis. JAK enzymes respond to extracellular growth factors, and cytokines which activate signal transduction and cell ...Scalp tumours occur worldwide. Most scalp tumours (93–99%) are benign as opposed to malignant. Approximately 40–50% of benign scalp tumours are cysts with an estimated 20% incidence in Western populations. Trichilemmal (or pilar) cysts are especially common and it is estimated 80% of these cysts occur on the scalp.There are many types of drug eruption, which range from a clinically mild and unnoticed rash to a severe cutaneous adverse reaction (SCAR) that may be life-threatening. The most common drug eruptions are: Morbilliform or exanthematous drug eruption. Urticaria and/or angioedema (which rarely leads to anaphylaxis ). SCARs are rare:Aphthous ulceration is classified into three types. Recurrent minor aphthous ulcer (80%). This is less than 5 mm in diameter and heals within 1–2 weeks. Major aphthous ulcer, which is large (often more than 10 mm) and takes weeks or months to heal and leaves a scar. Herpetiform ulcers, which are multiple pinpoint ulcers that heal within a month.Notalgia paraesthetica is a form of cutaneous dysaesthesia where itch and/or changed sensation arise in the areas of skin on the medial aspect of the shoulder blade on either side of the back. Notalgia means pain in the back, and paraesthetica refers to burning pain, tingling or itch. It is also called thoracic cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome.Molluscum contagiosum is caused by a poxvirus, the molluscum contagiosum virus. There are at least 4 viral subtypes. Sexual transmission in adults. Transmission of molluscum contagiosum appears to be more likely in wet conditions, such as when children bathe or swim together.Patch testing is undertaken for the investigation and confirmation of substances that produce allergic contact dermatitis. It involves applying appropriately diluted allergens to the skin, usually on the back for convenience, for 48 hours. The patch tests are then read at 96 hours as reactions usually take 48–96 hours to develop.It feels soft and smooth and is easily moved under the skin with the fingers. It may have a rubbery or doughy consistency. Lipomas are most common on the shoulders, neck, trunk and arms, but they can occur anywhere on the body where fat tissue is present. Most lipomas are symptomless, but some are painful when applying pressure.Scalp tumours occur worldwide. Most scalp tumours (93–99%) are benign as opposed to malignant. Approximately 40–50% of benign scalp tumours are cysts with an estimated 20% incidence in Western populations. Trichilemmal (or pilar) cysts are especially common and it is estimated 80% of these cysts occur on the scalp. DermNet now features a library of authentic patient cases with images. These cover the various symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, and outcomes that can be expected in the real world. You'll find these cases listed below. All of our content is written by medical professionals and reviewed by dermatologists before being published. 301 Moved Permanently. nginx/1.10.3 Urticaria is characterised by very itchy weals (hives), with or without surrounding erythematous flares. The name urticaria is derived from the common European stinging nettle Urtica dioica . Urticaria can be acute or chronic, spontaneous or inducible. A weal (or wheal) is a superficial skin-coloured or pale skin swelling, usually surrounded by ... DermDiag. The DermDiag Tool is designed to help you understand your skin condition. This tool does not provide medical advice. To get started, select the part of the body where you are experiencing symptoms. We suggest that you search our Glossary if you are unfamiliar with any dermatological terms.A digital myxoid pseudocyst is a shiny papule found at the end of a finger or toe, close to the nail. It is called a pseudocyst because it is not surrounded by a capsule, unlike a true cyst. It is also called a myxoid cyst, a mucous cyst, a …Dermatomyositis is thought to be caused by a microangiopathy affecting skin and muscle. There is a genetic predisposition to the development of dermatomyositis such as the PTPN22 gene and HLA associations identified include: Anti-Mi-2 antibodies: HLA DRB1*07 and DQA*0201. Silica exposure — in tradespeople.Lentigo maligna is a precursor to lentigo maligna melanoma, a potentially serious form of skin cancer. Lentigo maligna is also known as Hutchinson melanotic freckle. Lentigo maligna is an early form of melanoma in which the malignant cells are confined to the tissue of origin, the epidermis, hence it is often reported as ‘ in situ ’ melanoma. Welcome to our image library. over 20,000 clinical dermatology images from DermNet. DermNet provides Google Translate, a free machine translation service. Note that this may not provide an exact translation in all languages Dumping syndrome is the association of facial flushing with racing heart, sweating, dizziness, weakness, and tummy upset. Symptoms begin after gastric surgery and are provoked after a meal or ingestion of hot drinks or strong glucose. The syndrome becomes worse after the menopause.DermNet NZ Editor in Chief: Adjunct A/Prof Amanda Oakley, Dermatologist, Hamilton, New Zealand. Copy edited by Gus Mitchell/Maria McGivern. October 2018. Table of contents What are brown spots and freckles? Brown spots and freckles on sun-exposed skin are ephelides (the plural of ephelis) and lentigines (the plural of lentigo). The difference ... It may cause discomfort or bleeding when passing bowel motions, and aggravate any tendency to constipation, particularly in children. Lichen sclerosus causes adhesions and scarring. The clitoris may be buried. The labia minora resorb/shrink. The entrance to the vagina tightens (introital stenosis ). Tranexamic acid is mostly well-tolerated. In the most extensive case series of patients treated with tranexamic acid for melasma for a median duration of 4 months (n=561), 7% of patients reported adverse events, including: Abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, and vomiting. Numbness or itching of the face, lip, fingers, or toes.Shoe contact dermatitis can be defined by dermatitis on the feet caused by any footwear consisting of multiple different materials. Contact dermatitis may be due to allergic (type IV hypersensitivity reaction) or irritant dermatitis. Shoe dermatitis represents approximately 10% of all persons attending for patch testing.Bimekizumab (Bimzelx®) is a novel humanised immunoglobulin (IgG1) monoclonal antibody used to treat moderate to severe plaque psoriasis, generalised pustular psoriasis, and psoriatic erythroderma. Bimekizumab selectively and directly inhibits interleukin 17A and 17F (IL-17A and IL-17F). It is produced in a genetically engineered …Ramsay Hunt syndrome is a rare peripheral facial neuropathy. It is a type of shingles due to reactivation of the varicella zoster virus (VZV) in the geniculate ganglion of cranial nerve VII, which supplies the facial nerve. Ramsay Hunt syndrome is characterised by unilateral facial weakness and painful blisters — either in the ear canal on ...This refers to a depression in the skin due to the elastic tissue within the dermis that is lost. Less commonly, acne scarring can result in a keloid or hypertrophic scar. A hypertrophic scar is the same size as the acne lesion that caused it, while a keloid scar is an excessive scar formation often larger than the causative lesion.DermNet is a worldwide clinical resource website about dermatology and skin conditions. Its co-founder and former editor-in-chief is dermatologist and Adjunct Associate Professor Amanda Oakley . [2] The website was launched in 1996 under the umbrella of the New Zealand Dermatological Society , and as of 2017, around 2 million people access the …Lentigo maligna is a precursor to lentigo maligna melanoma, a potentially serious form of skin cancer. Lentigo maligna is also known as Hutchinson melanotic freckle. Lentigo maligna is an early form of melanoma in which the malignant cells are confined to the tissue of origin, the epidermis, hence it is often reported as ‘ in situ ’ melanoma. Trichotillomania is estimated to affect up to 4% of the general population. It can affect males and females of any age but is more common in children than in adults. Peak of onset usually occurs in the pre-school years and also in early adolescence, usually around the time of puberty. In children, trichotillomania affects boys and girls equally ... DermNet is a not-for-profit, independent health publishing organisation with a mission to make authoritative information about the skin accessible to anyone in the world. We have information about almost every skin condition and have a library of over 20,000 dermatology images. All of our content is created or reviewed by a dermatologist and we ...Image catalogue. The catalogue lists directories of some of the images available for licensed use by external agencies. If you don't find what you're looking for, try searching by disease or condition using DermNet's Google Custom Search, and select the "Image" tab. Refer to the DermNet Image policy for licensing requirements.Introduction. If you don't find what you are looking for on this page, try DermNet's Glossary of Dermatology Terms or Dermatological diagnoses often have more than one name. DermNet refers to various resources when naming conditions, including the World Health Organisation (WHO)'s International Classification of Diseases (see ICD11 coding tool), …Infection of internal organs, including the gastrointestinal tract, lungs, and brain ( encephalitis) Herpes zoster is infectious to people who have not previously had chickenpox. Herpes zoster in the early months of pregnancy can harm the fetus, but luckily this is rare. Shingles in late pregnancy can cause chickenpox in the fetus or newborn.DermNet is a worldwide clinical resource website about dermatology and skin conditions. Its co-founder and former editor-in-chief is dermatologist and Adjunct Associate Professor Amanda Oakley . [2] The website was launched in 1996 under the umbrella of the New Zealand Dermatological Society , and as of 2017, around 2 million people access the …Angular cheilitis is a common, non-contagious, inflammatory condition affecting the corners of the mouth or oral commissures. Depending on the underlying cause, it may last a few days or persist indefinitely. It is also called angular stomatitis, cheilosis, rhagades, or perleche (perlèche).Scalp tumours occur worldwide. Most scalp tumours (93–99%) are benign as opposed to malignant. Approximately 40–50% of benign scalp tumours are cysts with an estimated 20% incidence in Western populations. Trichilemmal (or pilar) cysts are especially common and it is estimated 80% of these cysts occur on the scalp.Measles vaccine induces long-term (probably life-long) immunity in most individuals. Vaccination schedules recommend a two-dose immunisation strategy; the first dose at 12–15 months of age, followed by a second dose at 4–6 years. Measles vaccine should not be given during pregnancy.Adults. Assess risk factors and comorbid disease of psoriasis at presentation and as indicated thereafter. Cardiovascular risk factors, and management of these (eg, smoking cessation ) Measure blood pressure, lipid studies and fasting glucose at least annually. Risk of venous thromboembolism and its management [1].Hyperhidrosis is the name given to excessive and uncontrollable sweating. Sweat is a weak salt solution produced by the eccrine sweat glands. These are distributed over the entire body but are most numerous on the palms and soles (with about 700 glands per square centimetre).Principles of treatment. Despite recent advances in our understanding of the mechanism of how psoriasis develops, psoriasis may be difficult to treat; there is currently no cure and …Pemphigus vulgaris is a rare autoimmune disease that is characterised by painful blisters and erosions on the skin and mucous membranes, most commonly inside the mouth. Pemphigus vulgaris accounts for 70% of all pemphigus cases worldwide although it is extremely rare in New Zealand (about one case per million of the population). Schamberg disease ( progressive pigmented purpura) Schamberg disease is the most common type of capillaritis. Regular or irregular crops of red-brown flat patches with cayenne pepper spots on their borders appear for no apparent reason. Although most common on the lower legs, the Schamberg form of capillaritis can arise on any part of the body. Dumping syndrome is the association of facial flushing with racing heart, sweating, dizziness, weakness, and tummy upset. Symptoms begin after gastric surgery and are provoked after a meal or ingestion of hot drinks or strong glucose. The syndrome becomes worse after the menopause.Image catalogue. The catalogue lists directories of some of the images available for licensed use by external agencies. If you don't find what you're looking for, try searching by disease or condition using DermNet's Google Custom Search, and select the "Image" tab. Refer to the DermNet Image policy for licensing requirements.Chronic paronychia is a gradual process. It may start in one nail fold, particularly the proximal nail fold, but often spreads laterally and to several other fingers. Each affected nail fold is swollen and lifted off the nail plate. This allows the entry of organisms and irritants. The affected skin may be red and tender from time to time, and ...It affects the superficial layers of the epidermis and is typically caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A beta – haemolytic streptococci (GABHS)). It can be classified into non- bullous (also known as ‘school sores’) and bullous impetigo. Ecthyma is a deep form of impetigo causing deeper erosions of the skin ...Principles of treatment. Despite recent advances in our understanding of the mechanism of how psoriasis develops, psoriasis may be difficult to treat; there is currently no cure and …Rheumatoid arthritis initially affects the small joints, such as those in the hands, but in later stages can affect any joint. It presents as episodic flares of symmetrical synovitis (swelling, redness, pain of joints), morning stiffness, and enthesitis. Untreated, it progresses to irreversible joint destruction with loss of cartilage and bone.DermNet NZ revision August 2021. Table of contents. Introduction Demographics Causes Clinical features Diagnosis Treatment Outlook. What is pityriasis versicolor? Pityriasis …What is seborrhoeic dermatitis? Seborrhoeic dermatitis is a common, chronic, or relapsing form of eczema /dermatitis that mainly affects the sebaceous gland -rich regions of the …Carotenoderma is due to carotenaemia. Primary carotenaemia is usually due to excessive intake of carotenoid-containing foods or supplements. Carotene is found in all pigmented fruits and vegetables. High levels are associated with a deep yellow, orange, or green colour. Examples of fruit and vegetables with a high β-carotene content include ...Patch testing is undertaken for the investigation and confirmation of substances that produce allergic contact dermatitis. It involves applying appropriately diluted allergens to the skin, usually on the back for convenience, for 48 hours. The patch tests are then read at 96 hours as reactions usually take 48–96 hours to develop.Dumping syndrome is the association of facial flushing with racing heart, sweating, dizziness, weakness, and tummy upset. Symptoms begin after gastric surgery and are provoked after a meal or ingestion of hot drinks or strong glucose. The syndrome becomes worse after the menopause. Schamberg disease ( progressive pigmented purpura) Schamberg disease is the most common type of capillaritis. Regular or irregular crops of red-brown flat patches with cayenne pepper spots on their borders appear for no apparent reason. Although most common on the lower legs, the Schamberg form of capillaritis can arise on any part of the body. Pemphigus vulgaris is a rare autoimmune disease that is characterised by painful blisters and erosions on the skin and mucous membranes, most commonly inside the mouth. Pemphigus vulgaris accounts for 70% of all pemphigus cases worldwide although it is extremely rare in New Zealand (about one case per million of the population).Mohs micrographic surgery, or Mohs surgery, is a precise surgical technique in which the complete excision of skin cancer is checked by microscopic margin control. It offers the highest cure rates while maximizing preservation of healthy tissue. The principles behind it were developed by Dr Frederic Mohs in the 1930s.DermNet is an authoritative source of clinically helpful information and an excellent image library for my own clinical practice, as well as for teaching students. Marion Hill. General …Trachyonychia is characterised by brittle nails that show diffuse longitudinal ridging and can be accompanied by pitting, loss of lustre, or a roughened nail plate. Trachyonychia, also known as ‘rough nails’ or ‘sandpaper nails’, can involve any number of nails. Twenty-nail dystrophy refers to trachyonychia that affects all 20 nails.What is rosacea? Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition predominantly affecting the central face and most often starts between the age of 30–60 years. Rosacea is … Measles vaccine induces long-term (probably life-long) immunity in most individuals. Vaccination schedules recommend a two-dose immunisation strategy; the first dose at 12–15 months of age, followed by a second dose at 4–6 years. Measles vaccine should not be given during pregnancy. Nail psoriasis affects 90% of patients with chronic plaque psoriasis at some time in their life. It is more common in adults with a prevalence of up to 80%, compared to children in whom it has been reported in 7–13%. In the absence of skin or joint disease, psoriatic nail disease has been described in 5–10% of adults.Swadley's bbq, Charles drew health center, Columbia county performing arts center, Magic city casino miami, Zzsound, Sun valley san fernando, Center for surgical dermatology, Premier dermatology delaware, Watson's greenhouse and nursery, Global pickleball network, Walmart plymouth ma, Vht studios, Care center cincinnati, Junk king columbus

Mohs micrographic surgery, or Mohs surgery, is a precise surgical technique in which the complete excision of skin cancer is checked by microscopic margin control. It offers the highest cure rates while maximizing preservation of healthy tissue. The principles behind it were developed by Dr Frederic Mohs in the 1930s.. Mobile county health department

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Chronic paronychia is a gradual process. It may start in one nail fold, particularly the proximal nail fold, but often spreads laterally and to several other fingers. Each affected nail fold is swollen and lifted off the nail plate. This allows the entry of organisms and irritants. The affected skin may be red and tender from time to time, and ... Treatment for acne depends on the patient's age and sex, the extent and the severity of the acne, how long it has been present, and response to previous treatments. Treatment for mild acne includes topical anti-acne preparations, lasers and lights. Treatment for moderate acne includes antibiotics such as tetracyclines and/or antiandrogens such ... Athlete's foot is a term often used to describe a fungal infection (or dermatophytosis) of the foot ( tinea pedis ). It most often results in peeling skin and fissuring between the toes (the toe clefts ). The cleft between the fourth and fifth toes is the most frequently affected. Fungal infection is not the only reason for peeling and ... Carotenoderma is due to carotenaemia. Primary carotenaemia is usually due to excessive intake of carotenoid-containing foods or supplements. Carotene is found in all pigmented fruits and vegetables. High levels are associated with a deep yellow, orange, or green colour. Examples of fruit and vegetables with a high β-carotene content include ... A target lesion is a round skin lesion with three concentric colour zones: A bright red outermost ring. Target lesions typically occur in erythema multiforme. They can arise on any body site, including face, upper chest, back, arms, legs, hands, feet and mucous membranes (such as the lips). A target lesion is also called a bulls-eye lesion or a ...Presented at the Australasian College of Dermatologists ASM 49, Perth, Australia, 14–17 May 2016. AFP. Vekic DA, Frew JW, Woods J, Cains GD. Adopting the orphan: The importance of recognising hidradenitis suppurativa as a systemic auto-inflammatory disease. Australas J Dermatol 2016; 57: 69–70.What are white nails? A white nail, also known as leukonychia, is the partial or full discolouration of the nail plate on one or more fingernails or toenails. White nails are the most common nail dyschromia. The nail will lose its general pink undertone and appear white. With crawling, the extensor aspects of the elbows and wrists, knees and ankles are affected. The distribution becomes flexural with walking, particularly involving the antecubital and popliteal fossae (elbow and knee creases). Dribble and food can cause dermatitis around the mouth and chin. Urticaria is characterised by very itchy weals (hives), with or without surrounding erythematous flares. The name urticaria is derived from the common European stinging nettle Urtica dioica . Urticaria can be acute or chronic, spontaneous or inducible. A weal (or wheal) is a superficial skin-coloured or pale skin swelling, usually surrounded by ... Pemphigus vulgaris is a rare autoimmune disease that is characterised by painful blisters and erosions on the skin and mucous membranes, most commonly inside the mouth. Pemphigus vulgaris accounts for 70% of all pemphigus cases worldwide although it is extremely rare in New Zealand (about one case per million of the population).There are many types of drug eruption, which range from a clinically mild and unnoticed rash to a severe cutaneous adverse reaction (SCAR) that may be life-threatening. The most common drug eruptions are: Morbilliform or exanthematous drug eruption. Urticaria and/or angioedema (which rarely leads to anaphylaxis ). SCARs are rare:Supported by the New Zealand Dermatological Society, DermNet New Zealand was launched in 1996 by Dr Amanda Oakley and a small team of New Zealand dermatologists.. Dr Oakley saw what was coming, and long before Google or Wikipedia, Dermnet.org.nz was dedicated to clinical information about skin conditions and their treatment — a free …Scalp tumours occur worldwide. Most scalp tumours (93–99%) are benign as opposed to malignant. Approximately 40–50% of benign scalp tumours are cysts with an estimated 20% incidence in Western populations. Trichilemmal (or pilar) cysts are especially common and it is estimated 80% of these cysts occur on the scalp.Erythromelalgia is characterised by intense burning pain, erythema (marked redness), and increased skin temperature, primarily of the feet and hands. It is classified into primary and secondary erythromelalgia. Erythromelalgia is also known as erythermalgia. Primary erythromelalgia with positive family history is known as Weir-Mitchell disease.Tinea corporis is spread by the shedding of fungal spores from infected skin. Transmission is facilitated by a warm, moist environment and the sharing of fomites including bedding, towels, and clothing. Dermatophyte infection elsewhere on the skin, such as tinea pedis, can also be transferred. The incubation period is 1–3 weeks.Measles vaccine induces long-term (probably life-long) immunity in most individuals. Vaccination schedules recommend a two-dose immunisation strategy; the first dose at 12–15 months of age, followed by a second dose at 4–6 years. Measles vaccine should not be given during pregnancy.Infection of internal organs, including the gastrointestinal tract, lungs, and brain ( encephalitis) Herpes zoster is infectious to people who have not previously had chickenpox. Herpes zoster in the early months of pregnancy can harm the fetus, but luckily this is rare. Shingles in late pregnancy can cause chickenpox in the fetus or newborn.Sebaceous hyperplasia is the term used for enlarged sebaceous glands seen on the forehead or cheeks of the middle-aged and older people. Sebaceous hyperplasia appears as small yellow bumps up to 3 mm in diameter. Close inspection reveals a central hair follicle surrounded by yellowish lobules. There are often prominent blood vessels, best seen ...A skin tag is a common soft harmless lesion that appears to hang off the skin. It is also described as: Skin tags develop in both men and women as they grow older. They are skin coloured or darker and range in size from 1mm to 5cm. They are most often found in the skin folds (neck, armpits, groin). They tend to be more numerous in obese persons ...Parkes-Weber syndrome refers to the association of a capillary vascular malformation with an arteriovenous malformation. The birthmark tends to be quite large. It is often faint pink, but may also be bright red in colour. The affected limb is warmer and longer than the other side, though of normal shape.Scalp psoriasis is a skin condition characterised by red, thickened, well- demarcated patches or plaques with overlying silvery-white scales, affecting part or all of the scalp. It can be contained within the hairline, though frequently affects the back of the head, or extends onto the forehead ( facial psoriasis ), ears, or neck.DermNet NZ revision August 2021. Table of contents. Introduction Demographics Causes Clinical features Diagnosis Treatment Outlook. What is pityriasis versicolor? Pityriasis …Principles of treatment. Despite recent advances in our understanding of the mechanism of how psoriasis develops, psoriasis may be difficult to treat; there is currently no cure and …Darier disease is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder classified as a hereditary acantholytic dermatosis. Darier disease typically presents with scaly crusted papules in a seborrhoeic distribution and in skin folds. Also …A dermatofibroma can occur anywhere on the skin. Dermatofibroma size varies from 0.5–1.5 cm diameter; most lesions are 7–10 mm diameter. A dermatofibroma is tethered to the skin surface and mobile over subcutaneous tissue. The overlying skin dimples on pinching the lesion – the dimple or pinch sign. Colour may be pink to light brown in ...Mohs micrographic surgery, or Mohs surgery, is a precise surgical technique in which the complete excision of skin cancer is checked by microscopic margin control. It offers the highest cure rates while maximizing preservation of healthy tissue. The principles behind it were developed by Dr Frederic Mohs in the 1930s.Nail psoriasis affects 90% of patients with chronic plaque psoriasis at some time in their life. It is more common in adults with a prevalence of up to 80%, compared to children in whom it has been reported in 7–13%. In the absence of skin or joint disease, psoriatic nail disease has been described in 5–10% of adults.Curettage. The lesion should be sent to a pathology laboratory for analysis. The wound surface is then cauterised with a hot wire beaded tip or electrosurgical unit (diathermy). This stops bleeding and helps destroys any remaining skin tumour cells. This procedure is usually repeated twice for malignant skin lesions (serial curettage and cautery).Presented at the Australasian College of Dermatologists ASM 49, Perth, Australia, 14–17 May 2016. AFP. Vekic DA, Frew JW, Woods J, Cains GD. Adopting the orphan: The importance of recognising hidradenitis suppurativa as a systemic auto-inflammatory disease. Australas J Dermatol 2016; 57: 69–70.Introduction. Itch is defined by a desire to scratch. An acute or chronic itchy rash is most often due to dermatitis / eczema. Dermatitis can be primary, or secondary to scratching. Stages include: Acute dermatitis: red, oozy, swollen skin. Subacute dermatitis: red, dry skin. Chronic dermatitis: skin coloured or dark, dry, thickened skin with ...Lipodermatosclerosis is an inflammatory skin condition resulting from underlying venous insufficiency. This is caused by: Incompetent venous valves. Venous outflow obstruction. Dysfunction of the calf muscle pump [2]. The resulting venous hypertension causes an increase of leukocytes within the veins, which then migrate into surrounding tissue. Lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory condition affecting the skin and mucosal surfaces. Learn about its symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment, and complications with images and references from DermNet NZ, a comprehensive online resource for skin health. A melanocytic naevus (American spelling ‘ nevus ’), or mole, is a common benign skin lesion due to a local proliferation of pigment cells ( melanocytes ). It is sometimes called a naevocytic naevus or just 'naevus' (but note that there are other types of naevi ). A brown or black melanocytic naevus contains the pigment melanin, so may also ... A skin tag is a common soft harmless lesion that appears to hang off the skin. It is also described as: Skin tags develop in both men and women as they grow older. They are skin coloured or darker and range in size from 1mm to 5cm. They are most often found in the skin folds (neck, armpits, groin). They tend to be more numerous in obese persons ...Pseudofolliculitis barbae (PFB) is a common inflammatory reaction of the hair follicle, most often on the face as a result of shaving. Also known as “razor bumps” or “shaving bumps”, it can also occur on any site where hair is shaved or plucked, including the axilla, pubic area, and legs. Folliculitis barbae presents similarly, but is ...In New Zealand, a special authority application is required for a subsidy of biologic treatments [20,22]. A dermatologist is required to apply on behalf of the patient. The eligibility criteria include having 'whole body' severe chronic plaque psoriasis with a PASI score of > 10 (> 15 for infliximab) or severe chronic plaque psoriasis of the face, palm or …Rheumatoid arthritis initially affects the small joints, such as those in the hands, but in later stages can affect any joint. It presents as episodic flares of symmetrical synovitis (swelling, redness, pain of joints), morning stiffness, and enthesitis. Untreated, it progresses to irreversible joint destruction with loss of cartilage and bone. It is characterised by: Open and closed uninflamed comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) Inflamed papules and pustules. In severe acne, nodules and pseudocysts. Post-inflammatory erythematous or pigmented macules and scars. Adverse social and psychological effects. Severity is classified as mild, moderate, or severe. Scalp tumours occur worldwide. Most scalp tumours (93–99%) are benign as opposed to malignant. Approximately 40–50% of benign scalp tumours are cysts with an estimated 20% incidence in Western populations. Trichilemmal (or pilar) cysts are especially common and it is estimated 80% of these cysts occur on the scalp. DermDiag. The DermDiag Tool is designed to help you understand your skin condition. This tool does not provide medical advice. To get started, select the part of the body where you are experiencing symptoms. We suggest that you search our Glossary if you are unfamiliar with any dermatological terms. Patch testing is undertaken for the investigation and confirmation of substances that produce allergic contact dermatitis. It involves applying appropriately diluted allergens to the skin, usually on the back for convenience, for 48 hours. The patch tests are then read at 96 hours as reactions usually take 48–96 hours to develop.Urticaria pigmentosa. Urticaria pigmentosa is a form of cutaneous mastocytosis in which there are brown macules and papules. Urticaria pigmentosa is mostly seen in infants and improves with age. It may also arise in adults when it tends to persist. Lesions may affect trunk and limbs, and less often scalp and face.Fungal infection of the nail, also known as onychomycosis, compromises over 50% of all nail disease with an estimated prevalence of 5.5%. They can affect the toenails, fingernails, or both. Fungal nail infections are also known as tinea unguium in …DermNet NZ is a comprehensive online resource for skin health information. Learn about psoriasis, a chronic inflammatory skin condition with red and scaly plaques, its types, causes, diagnosis and treatment options.DermNet™ is a website that provides reliable information on how to care for skin conditions, by experts in dermatology. You can find pages on various skin diseases, treatments, … Urticaria is characterised by very itchy weals (hives), with or without surrounding erythematous flares. The name urticaria is derived from the common European stinging nettle Urtica dioica . Urticaria can be acute or chronic, spontaneous or inducible. A weal (or wheal) is a superficial skin-coloured or pale skin swelling, usually surrounded by ... Keratosis pilaris is a very common, dry skin condition caused by keratin accumulation in the hair follicles. The Latin term keratosis means ‘ scaly skin’, and pilaris means ‘hair’. Keratosis pilaris usually starts in …Scalp tumours occur worldwide. Most scalp tumours (93–99%) are benign as opposed to malignant. Approximately 40–50% of benign scalp tumours are cysts with an estimated 20% incidence in Western populations. Trichilemmal (or pilar) cysts are especially common and it is estimated 80% of these cysts occur on the scalp. Sun damage ( photoageing, actinic keratoses) Repeated prior episodes of sunburn. Fair skin, blue eyes and blond or red hair — note; BCC can also affect darker skin types. Previous cutaneous injury, thermal burn, disease (eg cutaneous lupus, sebaceous naevus) Inherited syndromes: BCC is a particular problem for families with basal cell naevus ... Dermatomyositis is thought to be caused by a microangiopathy affecting skin and muscle. There is a genetic predisposition to the development of dermatomyositis such as the PTPN22 gene and HLA associations identified include: Anti-Mi-2 antibodies: HLA DRB1*07 and DQA*0201. Silica exposure — in tradespeople. Moisturisers are products used to add moisture to the skin. Emollients are products used to soften and smooth skin (eg, lanolin, glycerol stearate). Although the terms emollient and moisturiser are often used synonymously, emollients can also be described as a specific ingredient of moisturisers. There are often a number of available moisturisers.Malignant melanoma may arise from melanocytes found on the skin or rarely from mucosal surfaces, under the nails and in the meninges. Melanoma may arise from common acquired naevi or from dysplastic naevi. They may also arise from the solar lentigo or atypical lentigo. Most arise de novo. The dermoscopic features are enormously variable.Tinea corporis is spread by the shedding of fungal spores from infected skin. Transmission is facilitated by a warm, moist environment and the sharing of fomites including bedding, towels, and clothing. Dermatophyte infection elsewhere on the skin, such as tinea pedis, can also be transferred. The incubation period is 1–3 weeks.Definition. Dermatology is the medical discipline that is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the skin, hair, and nails in both children and adults. Specialists in dermatology are called dermatologists.. The New Zealand Dermatological Society’s definition is comprehensive: “Dermatology involves but is not limited to study, research, …Dermatomyositis is thought to be caused by a microangiopathy affecting skin and muscle. There is a genetic predisposition to the development of dermatomyositis such as the PTPN22 gene and HLA associations identified include: Anti-Mi-2 antibodies: HLA DRB1*07 and DQA*0201. Silica exposure — in tradespeople. Schamberg disease ( progressive pigmented purpura) Schamberg disease is the most common type of capillaritis. Regular or irregular crops of red-brown flat patches with cayenne pepper spots on their borders appear for no apparent reason. Although most common on the lower legs, the Schamberg form of capillaritis can arise on any part of the body. A list of the most commonly used key terms and phrases in dermatology.Malassezia folliculitis, also known as pityrosporum folliculitis, is an infection of the pilosebaceous unit caused by lipophilic Malassezia yeasts particularly M. globosa, M. sympodialis and M. restricta. Malassezia yeast are normal inhabitants of the human skin surface and only cause disease under specific conditions.A target lesion is a round skin lesion with three concentric colour zones: A bright red outermost ring. Target lesions typically occur in erythema multiforme. They can arise on any body site, including face, upper chest, back, arms, legs, hands, feet and mucous membranes (such as the lips). A target lesion is also called a bulls-eye lesion or a ...DermNet is a worldwide clinical resource website about dermatology and skin conditions. Its co-founder and former editor-in-chief is dermatologist and Adjunct Associate Professor Amanda Oakley . [2] The website was launched in 1996 under the umbrella of the New Zealand Dermatological Society , and as of 2017, around 2 million people access the …Acne conglobata is a rare severe form of nodulocystic acne. It presents with groups of multiple comedones and inflammatory papules, pustules, and nodules involving the trunk, limbs, and buttocks. Interconnecting abscesses and draining sinuses become secondarily infected causing pain and malodour. Healing is slow, leaving unsightly hypertrophic ...DermNet provides Google Translate, a free machine translation service. Note that this may not provide an exact translation in all languages Topics A-Z ... Mournighan KJ, Baca-Atlas M, Helton MR, Sun NZ, Siegel MB. Generalized bullous fixed-drug eruption secondary to the influenza vaccine. JAAD Case Rep. 2018;4(9):953–5. doi:10.1016/j.jdcr ...Malignant melanoma may arise from melanocytes found on the skin or rarely from mucosal surfaces, under the nails and in the meninges. Melanoma may arise from common acquired naevi or from dysplastic naevi. They may also arise from the solar lentigo or atypical lentigo. Most arise de novo. The dermoscopic features are enormously variable. DermNet now features a library of authentic patient cases with images. These cover the various symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, and outcomes that can be expected in the real world. You'll find these cases listed below. All of our content is written by medical professionals and reviewed by dermatologists before being published. Macular amyloidosis is generally pruritic, although the degree of pruritus varies from mild to severe. It can assume a subtle rippled or reticulated pattern, which resembles the ‘seafloor pattern’ seen in lichen amyloidosis. Macular amyloidosis may co-exist with lichen amyloidosis in up to 25% of affected patients [9]. Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma can cause harmless swelling, known as reactive or dermopathic lymphadenopathy, or malignant growth in the lymph nodes. The blood count is normal in most patients with CTCL. An elevated white cell count is characteristic of Sézary syndrome and confirmed on flow cytometry.. 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